September 19, California has lifted a ban on the use of the Global Positioning Systems to keep track of paroled sex offenders. A bill passed recently by the State Legislature will allow the state to use GPS monitors to make sure a parolee stays where he or she is supposed to be and doesn't wander -- or sneak -- into a restricted area. California's current monitoring system requires the subject to remain near a home telephone for periodic checks, but otherwise can't maintain a hour vigil. Copyright by United Press International Explore further.
Sex Offender - Definition, Examples, Cases, Processes
The use of GPS technology to monitor sex offenders should be viewed as a tool rather than a control mechanism, a team of researchers at Sam Houston State University found in a recent study. Gaylene Armstrong and Beth Freeman examined the affects of a state law in Arizona that required the lifelong GPS monitoring of adult sex offenders convicted of dangerous crimes against children and placed on community supervision. The study monitored sex offenders in Maricopa County, AZ over a two-year period. The study found that a significant number of equipment-related alerts were triggered by a loss of a satellite signal, rather than offender violations.
In a case over whether or not the Fourth Amendment right that prohibits unreasonable search and seizures was violated, the Supreme Court declared Torrey Dale Grady could challenge the North Carolina decision that allows the justice system to monitor him with a GPS tracking system for the rest of his life. On Monday, the Supreme Court reversed the North Carolina courts' sex offender judicial decision, which stated that the lifetime monitoring was constitutional and didn't count as a Fourth Amendment violation because it is a program created under civil, not criminal law. The Supreme Court found that the Fourth Amendment applies regardless of which judicial area it is created. Grady was named a repeat sex offender — he was convicted of a second-degree sexual offense when he was 17 years old in , and then he was charged and convicted of "taking indecent liberties with a child" who was 15 years old , 10 years later in Because of his recidivist status, Grady was declared a high risk and became an involuntary participant of North Carolina's monitoring program.
Hendricks , the civil commitment correspondingly referred to as civil management of dangerous sex offenders after their criminal punishment developed into all-purpose implemented proposal in the United States. The current study within the article, Predictors of the sex offender civil commitment trial outcomes in New York, accentuated the…. When entering the facility the offenders are tested for mental….